If you’re interested in learning Korean or just curious about the language, you may be wondering how many characters are in the Korean alphabet.

The Korean alphabet, also known as Hangul, consists of 24 characters.

In this article, we’ll dive deeper into the Korean alphabet and explore its history, structure, and unique features. Here’s what you can expect to learn:

History of the Korean Alphabet

The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, was created in the mid-15th century during the reign of King Sejong the Great. Before Hangul, Korea used Chinese characters as their written language. However, Chinese characters were difficult to learn and were only accessible to the upper class. This led King Sejong to commission the creation of a new writing system that could be easily learned and used by everyone in Korea.

Origins of Hangul

The creators of Hangul were a group of scholars led by King Sejong. They wanted a writing system that was easy to learn, phonetic, and uniquely Korean. After years of research and development, they created a system of 28 letters that represented the sounds of the Korean language.

Hangul was initially met with resistance from the aristocracy who believed that a writing system that was easy to learn would undermine their power. However, Hangul quickly gained popularity among the common people and became the official writing system of Korea in 1446.

Development of Hangul

Over time, Hangul underwent some changes and additions. In 1527, two additional letters were added to represent sounds that were not present in the original 28 letters. In the 17th century, a system of combining letters to form syllables was introduced, which made writing and reading even easier.

In the 20th century, Hangul underwent a few more changes to reflect changes in the Korean language. Today, Hangul consists of 24 letters, including 14 consonants and 10 vowels.

Modern Use of Hangul

Today, Hangul is used exclusively in both North and South Korea. It is a source of national pride and is seen as one of Korea’s greatest cultural achievements. In South Korea, Hangul Day is celebrated every year on October 9th to commemorate the creation of the Korean alphabet.

Hangul has also gained recognition beyond Korea. In 2009, UNESCO designated Hangul as a “Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity.” This recognition acknowledges the cultural significance of Hangul and its role in promoting literacy and education in Korea.

Structure of the Korean Alphabet

The Korean alphabet, also known as Hangul, was created in the 15th century during the reign of King Sejong. It consists of 14 consonants and 10 vowels, making a total of 24 characters. Unlike other writing systems, Hangul is a phonetic alphabet, which means that each character represents a sound.

  • Vowels vs. Consonants: The Korean alphabet is divided into two groups, vowels and consonants. The vowels are called “mo-eum” and the consonants are called “ja-eum.” Each character is either a vowel or a consonant and never a combination of both.
  • Double Consonants and Vowels: Hangul also has double consonants and vowels, which are indicated by a double line or a double dot. For example, the consonant “ㄲ” represents the sound “kk” and the vowel “ㅗㅏ” represents the sound “wa.”
  • Consonant Clusters: In addition to the basic consonants and vowels, Hangul also has consonant clusters, which are two or three consonants pronounced together. For example, the word “school” in Korean is spelled “학교” and pronounced “hak-gyo.” The consonant cluster “ㄱㅇ” represents the “ng” sound.

Learning the structure of the Korean alphabet is the first step in mastering the language. With practice, anyone can learn to read and write Hangul fluently.

Hangul Character Pronunciation

Sources: Korean Language Information

Unique Features of the Korean Alphabet

The Korean alphabet, also known as Hangul, is a unique writing system with several distinct features that set it apart from other alphabets. Here are some of the most notable:

  • Phonetic Sound System: Unlike Chinese characters or Japanese kanji, which are pictographic and represent ideas rather than sounds, each character in the Korean alphabet represents a sound. This makes it easier to learn and read Korean, as there is a direct correlation between the written characters and their pronunciation.
  • Ease of Learning: The Korean alphabet is relatively easy to learn compared to other writing systems. It was designed with simplicity in mind, with only 24 characters to master. In fact, King Sejong the Great, who invented the alphabet in the 15th century, wanted it to be accessible to everyone, regardless of social status or education level.
  • Computer Input: The design of the Korean alphabet also makes it easy to input on computers and other digital devices. Unlike Chinese characters, which require complex input methods to type on a computer, Korean can be typed using a standard keyboard layout. This has made it easier for Koreans to communicate digitally and has helped to spread the popularity of the language worldwide.

If you want to learn more about the Korean alphabet and its unique features, check out the National Institute of Korean Language, which is dedicated to promoting and preserving the Korean language and culture.

Learning the Korean Alphabet

The Korean alphabet, also known as Hangul, consists of 24 characters, including 14 consonants and 10 vowels. It was created in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great to improve literacy among the common people. Unlike Chinese characters, which are ideograms, Korean characters represent sounds, making it easier to learn and use.

Resources for Learning

Learning the Korean alphabet can seem overwhelming at first, but there are many resources available to help you. One great place to start is the website 90 Day Korean, which provides free online lessons, practice exercises, and audio recordings to help you master the basics. Another excellent resource is the book Korean Made Simple: A Beginner’s Guide to Learning the Korean Language by Billy Go, which includes detailed explanations, practice exercises, and helpful mnemonics to aid in memorization.

Tips for Memorizing

Memorizing the Korean alphabet may seem daunting, but with the right techniques, it can be quite manageable. One effective method is to break down the characters into groups based on their shape and sound. For example, the consonants ㄱ, ㄴ, ㄷ, ㄹ, and ㅁ can be grouped together because they all have a similar shape, while the vowels ㅏ, ㅓ, ㅗ, ㅜ, and ㅡ can be grouped together because they all have a short sound. Another helpful tip is to create associations between the characters and familiar objects or words. For instance, the character ㅂ, which sounds like the letter “b,” can be associated with the word “bear.”

Practice Exercises

Practice is key to mastering the Korean alphabet. One effective exercise is to write out the characters repeatedly, both in their standalone form and in combinations with other characters. Another useful exercise is to practice reading and writing simple words and phrases. For example, you could practice writing your name in Hangul or reading basic Korean phrases like “hello” (안녕하세요) or “thank you” (감사합니다). By practicing consistently, you’ll be able to internalize the characters and use them with ease.


Overall, the Korean alphabet is a fascinating and unique writing system that has undergone many changes throughout its history. Despite having only 24 characters, it is able to represent all the sounds of the Korean language in a highly phonetic manner.

Whether you’re interested in learning Korean or simply exploring the world of languages, understanding the Korean alphabet is a great place to start.

With the information and resources provided in this article, you can begin your journey to mastering the Korean language and all its complexities.

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